Do you need a health care power of attorney? The answer might surprise you.


Let’s back up a little bit and talk first about what a health care power of attorney is. A health care power of attorney ensures that your medical wishes are carried out even if you are unable to communicate those wishes. For example, if you are unconscious or incoherent and cannot consent to medical procedures, a healthcare power of attorney will handle those issues on your behalf.

What does a Healthcare Power of Attorney do?

A health care power of attorney document can do two things: explicitly state your medical wishes and appoint an individual to make health care decisions on your behalf. Those two things tend to work in tandem – the individual you appoint will use your explicit wishes as guidelines on other issues that may not be clearly spelled out in the document.

In a health care power of attorney, you can state things such as:

  • Whether you want cardiac resuscitation
  • Whether you want a feeding tube; and
  • Whether you want mechanical respirator.

Who Should I Appoint as My Health Care Power of Attorney?

Deciding who to appoint as your health care power of attorney is a very personal decision. Many people choose family members such as spouses, parents or adult children. It’s important to talk with the person you want to appoint and ensure they agree to serve and understand their responsibilities as your health care power of attorney. If you are unsure of who to appoint, we can certainly help you make a list of your options and decide on the best person.

Who Needs a Health Care Power of Attorney?

To be frank, everyone over the age of 18 should have a health care power of attorney in place. Children under 18 do not need one because their parents act as their guardians; in fact, no one under the age of 18 can legally create one. However, as soon as you turn 18, the law does not designate someone to make decisions on your behalf. We never know what the future holds and when tragedy may strike – that’s why it’s important to have this document even if you are 100% healthy.

Without a health care power of attorney, there may be arguments and confusion among family members. The courts may have to intervene. And most importantly, there is no guarantee that your wishes will be carried out. Remember, if something unexpected were to happen, your loved ones will be experiencing a lot of emotions; having your wishes documented will at least take a little bit of stress off of your family members.

Want to learn more about why everyone needs a health care power of attorney and other documents we should all have? Check out the book Not Dead Yet (specifically Chapter 8) for information on health care powers of attorney, HIPPA authorizations and more.

If you’re ready to create your Health Care Power of Attorney, give us a call at (847) 770-6600.


Should I agree to serve as executor?


Have you been appointed as the executor of an estate? Carrying out your duties can feel overwhelming and sometimes like a second job. Just because you are named as the executor in a will does not mean that you have to accept the job. Only accept if you are willing and able to take the responsibilities seriously and devote the necessary time to the job.

If you accept your role as executor, there are some things that you should expect to be required to do. Take a look at these 6 common requirements before you agree to serve as executor.

  1. Find and obtain documents. You may be required to find the original will and submit it to the court. You will also need to obtain a death certificate and file that with the court. You may also need to locate other documents related to the deceased’s property and debts.
  2. Notify all relevant parties. You will be required to provide notice of probate proceedings to all interested parties. This typically includes beneficiaries named in the will as well as family members. You also need to notify all potential creditors. Depending on the complexity of the estate, you may need to provide notice multiple times throughout the process.
  3. Manage the property. Probate does not happen overnight. While waiting for the property to be distributed, you will have to manage the property. This includes paying debts or bills that come up. Of course, you will use money from the estate to pay these bills and not be personally responsible for them. You may need to hire an appraiser to value certain properties. If the deceased owned a business, you may be responsible for ensuring the business continues to run.
  4. File tax returns. Part of your job as executor is to file tax returns. There are deadlines for these to be filed and paid. Delays could cause fines, penalties and interest to accrue.
  5. Distribute the assets. When the time comes, after creditors have been paid, you will need to distribute the property in accordance with the will. This may include selling property. Document each transaction to ensure beneficiaries cannot claim any wrongdoing on your part.
  6. File documents with the court. Throughout the process, you will be required to account for your actions to the court. This means documenting interest gained on property, creditor claims paid out and property distributed. A final accounting will show that all of the property has been distributed. Once the court approves the final accounting, the estate is considered closed.

If you’ve decided to say yes to the job, take a look at the book Not Dead Yet (particularly Chapter 17) for some tips on how to be successful in your role.

Not sure if you want to serve as executor? Give us a call at (847) 770-6600 and we can help you make that decision.

How to Contest a Will in Illinois


When a person passes away with a will, that will is submitted to probate. Probate is the process by which the directives in the will are carried out, creditors are paid and property is distributed. In some cases, people may want to contest the will. That means they think the will is invalid for some reason. If you are an interested party and think that the will is invalid, you should contest the will. The process can get very complex, very quickly. Here are the basics of what that process looks like.


From the date the will was admitted to probate, you only have six months to file a contest to the will. You will need to file a petition in the same probate court that the will was submitted. Among other things, you will need to include the deceased’s name, date and place of death along with the corresponding court case number for the probate proceedings. You will also need to explain why you are contesting the validity of the will. Some reasons, or grounds, for contesting a will are:

  • Lack of capacity of the person who made the will;
  • Undue influence; or
  • Fraud.

When filing the petition, you may ask for a jury trial. Even if you do not request a jury trial, the executor of the estate may ask for a jury. If neither party requests a jury trial, the case will likely be heard by a judge.

Once you’ve filed the petition, you are required to notify all individuals entitled to notice. These people will include anyone named in the original probate petition, the executor, and the executor’s attorney. You will need to deliver a copy of the petition to each of those individuals. The rules on how to deliver that notice vary by court and should be done in accordance with local rules.

Who defends the will?

The executor of the will is required by law to defend the will. If that person is unable or unwilling to do so, the court may appoint someone else to do so. Defending the will includes not only defending the validity of the will but also appeal judgments that declare the will invalid.

If you believe a will is invalid or if you are defending a will contest, give us a call at (847) 770-6600.



We often hear the from our married clients who have double income and no kids: “We do not have any kids so we only need simple estate planning, if we need it at all.” This leads to the question: DO “DINKs” (Double Income, No Kids) Even Need Estate Planning? 

The answer is YES! DINKs need at least as much estate planning as anyone else. It is especially important for a couple with no children to carefully choose the people who will make healthcare and financial decisions for them if they are disabled. We find that the worst people step up to the plate to “help out” in the absence of preset direction from YOU. At the very least, powers of attorney and various contingency planning, whether via wills or trusts, are called for.  When our clients think about their family members who might volunteer for the job of handling money for them, they often shudder at the thought. Especially as they get older, the thought of being taken advantage of looms in the horizon.


In our practice, we treat DINKs as a type of blended family when giving them estate planning advice. DINKs are similar to second marriage situations, where there may be “his,” “her,” or “their” children. Assuming the DINK couple want to primarily benefit each other during their joint lifetimes, then any analysis leads to contingency planning. This is because if either of them wants money to ultimately go to his or her family, friends or charities, the choice is either cashing out those contingent beneficiaries upon the death of the first-to-die or careful trust language protecting the rights of the intended secondary heirs of the first-to die spouse during the lifetime of the surviving spouse.  Leaving everything outright to the survivor with the expectation that he or she will not change the flow of assets to the first-to-die person’s preferred set of ultimate beneficiaries very often results in those people or charities getting nothing.


     eric_matlin                         jkolo
Eric G. Matlin, Esq.           Julie A. Kolodziej, Esq.

A blog article by Eric G. Matlin and Julie A. Kolodziej.  Eric and Julie are Principals at Matlin Law Group, P.C.   Please feel free to contact Eric Matlin  or Julie Kolodziej at Matlin Law Group, P.C. regarding this or any other matter.  Phone number 1-847-770-6600.  Our attorneys have the experience to guide you through your estate planning needs.

Disclaimer – The content of this article is not intended to be legal advice and does not create an attorney client relationship with the person reading it.


Quiz letters


Sophie was laying in her bed feeling feverish and a little bit lost.  She was wondering how she was going to pull herself out of bed to get to the health clinic.  She longed for the times when her mom would take her to the doctor, but mom was not there and so Sophie would have to fend for herself.

For most of us, as children, our parents were there to help us when we were sick.  Wasn’t that chicken noodle soup your mom made you when you had a cold the best?  But as adults, we are often left to fend for ourselves when we are sick. For the typical house cold or flu, we are able to manage.  But what if we come down with a health condition that effects our ability to make decisions for ourselves?  Who makes decisions for us in that scenario?

Experience dictates that YOU are the best judge of who is the right candidate to act for you to make health decisions if you cannot.  If you leave the decision about who will act to chance, it is possible that your family may disagree about who should act and what health decisions should be made on your behalf.

  • 82% of people say it is important to put their wishes regarding health decisions in writing. 
  • 23% have actually done it. (California HealthCare Foundation,  2012) 

Think about who in your life shares your philosophy about major health decisions.  Would you want to be put on a ventilator? A stomach tube?  Do you want your life prolonged or are you a “pull the plug” type?  Should your 20 year old daughter make these decisions for you?  Your 80 year old mother? These are tough decisions and they love you.  Maybe your daughter would want to do this for you.   It is important to select a healthcare agent and to execute a legal document (called a power of attorney for Healthcare in Illinois) to legally select your chosen healthcare agent and to ensure that your philosophy is carried out.

CLICK HERE for a link to the QUIZ  for HOW TO PICK A HEALTH CARE AGENT OR PROXY from the American Bar Association (ABA) Commission for Law and Aging Consumer’s Tool Kit for Health Care  Advance Planning.

Tomorrow is right around the corner. Plan today. 

Julie A. Kolodziej, Esq.

jkolo   A blog article by Julie A. Kolodziej ©2017. Julie is a Principal at Matlin Law Group, P.C. Please feel free to contact Julie Kolodziej regarding this or any other matter. Phone number 1-847-770-6600.

Disclaimer – The content of this article is not intended to be legal advice and does not create an attorney client relationship with the person reading it.

Should You Use A “Do-It-Yourself” Estate Planning Service?

QUESTION: Should You Use A “Do-It-Yourself” Estate Planning Service? Many people ask whether it is a good idea to use a DIY estate planning service to create an estate plan (Wills, Trusts, Powers of Attorney). As attorneys, we might seem biased when answering this question. However, the American Bar Association, as a part of its discussion in Do It Yourself Estate Planning, gave the following example, which is compelling:

“A New Jersey resident opted to purchase — surely at a nominal cost — a Will form kit. He carefully handwrote his intended dispositions into the form document. He did not have it properly witnessed. Undoubtedly believing he had completed his “simple Will” properly, he signed it and then apparently committed suicide. His heirs, however, eventually paid for his efforts. In the ensuing lawsuit (Matter of Will of Feree), a New Jersey trial court struggled to find a way to interpret and give effect to his handwritten additions to the form. Under New Jersey probate law, the language on the pre-printed form was not admissible because the Will was not properly signed by Mr. Feree (most states require a Will to be signed in the presence of two witnesses, a few even require three witnesses). The Court’s effort to salvage Mr. Feree’s work — and the ensuing trip to the New Jersey appellate court — almost certainly cost the family tens of thousands of dollars or more. At least Mr. Feree never saw that enormous expenditure — he passed away believing he had saved money.”

ANSWER: If you want you make sure your intent is carried out with as little cost as possible, contact an experienced estate planning attorney to implement an estate plan tailored to your needs and concerns.

Tomorrow is right around the corner. Plan today. CONTACT US TODAY FOR A FREE ESTATE PLAN CONSULTATION

Julie A. Kolodziej, Esq.

jkolo   A blog article by Julie A. Kolodziej ©2017. Julie is a Principal at Matlin Law Group, P.C. Please feel free to contact Julie Kolodziej regarding this or any other matter. Phone number 1-847-770-6600.

Disclaimer – The content of this article is not intended to be legal advice and does not create an attorney client relationship with the person reading it.

Living Without a Will

A recent Gallup Poll has indicated that at least 56% of U.S. citizens do not have a will in place. Taking a closer look at the numbers, certain trends emerge. Older people are more likely to have a will, as are the more affluent and those with advanced degrees. This is not surprising, as there is a common misconception that only the wealthy need estate plans. However, every U.S. adult should have some sort of plan in place – at the very minimum a will and powers of attorney for healthcare and property (although for many, a trust may be a more appropriate option).

A will offers a number of necessary advantages over the State’s default designation (known as the laws of intestacy), including the ability to appoint guardians of minor children, the ability to choose an Executor of an estate, and the ability to direct where (and to whom) assets shall be distributed upon death. These designations are often very personal, and most people when pressed have some sort of preference that may or may not align with the State’s default law. If you are one of the many people without any estate planning, now is a good time to speak with an attorney to put a plan in place. Contact Matlin Law Group, P.C. for a free initial estate planning consultation a 1-847-770-6600.

Pen Paper Blue Shirt



Michael A. Goldberg

michael_goldberg A blog article by Michael A. Goldberg ©2017. Michael is an Attorney at Matlin Law Group, P.C. Please feel free to contact Michael Goldberg regarding this or any other matter. Phone number 1-847-770-6600.

Disclaimer – The content of this article is not intended to be legal advice and does not create an attorney client relationship with the person reading it.